In the days of the fur traders, the MÃ©tis earned a special Cree nickname: â€œo-tee-paym-soo-wuk,â€ which means â€œtheir own boss.â€ They were known for being proud hunters and legendary trailblazers.
The MÃ©tis were children born from relationships between Aboriginal mothers and European settler fathers. They earned their Cree nickname, â€œtheir own boss,â€ because of their independence and cultural pride, combining their Aboriginal and European backgrounds into a unique cultural identity. They became trailblazers in the fur trade, adapting European technology to the wilderness and innovating new trade routes. And because of their unique cultural background, they became central to the relationships between settlers and Aboriginal populations. The MÃ©tis are considered to be a unique culture on their own, not simply a mix of First Nations and European settler backgrounds. However, despite hundreds of years of history as a rich, complex culture, the MÃ©tis were not recognized as a distinct Aboriginal people until 1982.
What do you think it means to be your own boss?
How is MÃ©tis culture different from First Nations culture?
Our Legacy. â€œMÃ©tis Culture.â€ Yvonne Vizina. http://scaa.sk.ca/ourlegacy/exhibit_metisculture University of British Columbia: Indigenous Foundations. â€œMÃ©tis.â€ http://indigenousfoundations.arts.ubc.ca/?id=549 MÃ©tis Nation of Ontario. â€œMÃ©tis Historic Timeline.â€ http://www.metisnation.org/cultureâ€“heritage/metis-timeline